ARCH 221 Report: The Cave and The Sky: Stone Age Europe

The text starts with two basic questions. Where do we start with a history of architecture? When did architecture begin? Architecture begin with human beings and it protects to existence as long as human lives.

The stone age is that we want to understand the ambitious creation of an environment separate from the natural orders. Lancaux Cave is the famous example of the old stone age. The cave includes different murals on the wall. These present different kinds of accents to learn about them. People called Cro- Magnon in that term have some anxious thoughts to shelter and they challenge to survive. Result of that concept of architecture occurred. Thought of shelter brought about need of housing. In new stone age term, people settled and turned to farming and animal husbandry. Cave was used as sanctuary. After the adaptation the sedentary life, people started to discover new, appropriate natural environment and animal resources to produce food and to survive. People developed and mastered in time in terms of agriculture and husbandry. Basics of architecture gradually began to occur prominently. Individual life started through the concept of shelter. According to the remains, stone was used to mark the open space and to divide the places from each other. On the other hand, sacred life was distinguished from daily life.

When we look at the architecture of Western Asia, architecture developed with urban revolution. If we give an example of that, Stonehenge was the significant site in that term. There are two ways to note worthy things about the poetry from Mesopotamia. First one is the written records which includes accent differences in comparison to now. The second is the passage sings.

In Western Asia, structure of public are bonded to the places where people live, in turn, are bonded to each other. This order creates perception of mesh. The city revealed new and different idea about environmental orders. With this concept, People were aware of the streets, the public squires were developed. When urban revolution looked at as a whole, it has differences from the Neolithic revolution in a way. Urban revolution was not related to the hunting, and natural circumstance, it contributed to embody agriculture and husbandry. With this way, people’s social lives improved and most of the things which affect the people’s lives changed ineradicably.

Now, I want to mention about the issue that attract attention. Jericho…This place is the best (and first) example of the city- form in Western Asia. It is regarded as the earliest surviving town on Earth. Jericho had a strong source of freshwater. People settled to there and developed life conditions by means of the source such as hunters, drink, and agriculture. In today, the source of water called Jericho’s fountain.

The another similar settlement is Khirokitia. In the Jericho, the street was missing ingredient in the city. The city has street form known first in the records, so both of them are different in terms of idea of settlement. Jericho has more closed concept, Khirokitia has an open composition. There is a main big street and other houses were aligned in two sides. According to them, we can say that thought of settlement became remarkable in time.

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ARCH 221 Report: The study of what we built

History of architecture starts when first time men though to build beautifully. Architectural history is alone among the built riches of the past. In the beginning of the architecture, buildings that are conceptualized and they were represented in drawings and models. These models include images, figures, knowledge which show people’s life style or etc. These pictorial evidences helps for further generation. In modern architecture, Building’s ideal appearance is based on the these pictorial views. For example plan, elevations and sections give information about the buildings and help to explain structure. These methods newly are applied, but in the sixth century, these were used by some famous architects such as Hagia Sophia. These sketches and drawings that convey to further generation have an important effect to be developed and understood design ideas and views. Unlike literary evidence, pictorial evidence visually enables to understand the act of shaping people’s daily environment.

There no doubt that literary evidence has a strong effect for the birth of most structures. Written documents convey the structure  and design of buildings. For instance, Pre-Islamic records and literary evidence attest to the existence of visual art forms. At times, architects prefer to use writing to express obviously. Taking notes and written documents contribute to understand the essence of the design idea. Both of  kinds of the evidences occur architectural fund of information.  The author says that there are four premises that underline the scope and treatment of our survey. This is significant point appertaining to history of architecture. These are related to the structure of buildings. However, in the third, it is mentioned that all buildings of the past, regardless of size or status should be deemed worthy of study. This is definitely true because every architectural work has a particular labor and process of compose.