ARCH 221 Report: The Cave and The Sky: Stone Age Europe

The text starts with two basic questions. Where do we start with a history of architecture? When did architecture begin? Architecture begin with human beings and it protects to existence as long as human lives.

The stone age is that we want to understand the ambitious creation of an environment separate from the natural orders. Lancaux Cave is the famous example of the old stone age. The cave includes different murals on the wall. These present different kinds of accents to learn about them. People called Cro- Magnon in that term have some anxious thoughts to shelter and they challenge to survive. Result of that concept of architecture occurred. Thought of shelter brought about need of housing. In new stone age term, people settled and turned to farming and animal husbandry. Cave was used as sanctuary. After the adaptation the sedentary life, people started to discover new, appropriate natural environment and animal resources to produce food and to survive. People developed and mastered in time in terms of agriculture and husbandry. Basics of architecture gradually began to occur prominently. Individual life started through the concept of shelter. According to the remains, stone was used to mark the open space and to divide the places from each other. On the other hand, sacred life was distinguished from daily life.

When we look at the architecture of Western Asia, architecture developed with urban revolution. If we give an example of that, Stonehenge was the significant site in that term. There are two ways to note worthy things about the poetry from Mesopotamia. First one is the written records which includes accent differences in comparison to now. The second is the passage sings.

In Western Asia, structure of public are bonded to the places where people live, in turn, are bonded to each other. This order creates perception of mesh. The city revealed new and different idea about environmental orders. With this concept, People were aware of the streets, the public squires were developed. When urban revolution looked at as a whole, it has differences from the Neolithic revolution in a way. Urban revolution was not related to the hunting, and natural circumstance, it contributed to embody agriculture and husbandry. With this way, people’s social lives improved and most of the things which affect the people’s lives changed ineradicably.

Now, I want to mention about the issue that attract attention. Jericho…This place is the best (and first) example of the city- form in Western Asia. It is regarded as the earliest surviving town on Earth. Jericho had a strong source of freshwater. People settled to there and developed life conditions by means of the source such as hunters, drink, and agriculture. In today, the source of water called Jericho’s fountain.

The another similar settlement is Khirokitia. In the Jericho, the street was missing ingredient in the city. The city has street form known first in the records, so both of them are different in terms of idea of settlement. Jericho has more closed concept, Khirokitia has an open composition. There is a main big street and other houses were aligned in two sides. According to them, we can say that thought of settlement became remarkable in time.

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