Before the survey, I researched the measured building survey. The origin of word comes from French language “Relevé”. Relevé is an architectural scale drawing of an existing structure. It is a 2D drawings included plans, elevations, sections…It is used in restoration projects or to investigate the texture of the city. There are three kinds of Relevé in terms of usage and measurement. The first thing is drawing detailed plans. It is also important to know why you are measuring the building as this will determine how detailed your final drawings will need to be.
Before the measurement, it is looked around the entire building first, and understand layout where rooms, stairs…In the plan drawing, start from staircases as a centre of the building and you should develop the drawing around it. Also, don’t forget to measure ceiling heights, and if possible pick up the floor thickness (usually possible to do in a stair area), which will help with elevations and sections. Make a note of wall thicknesses, which will vary internally and externally. The hardest drawings are sections. Each floor draw clearly ( related each other) then, draw a section included the staircase. The easiest drawing is the elevation.
In this assignment, we are going to study on the detailed model we have produced in ARCH 201 course. One of the detailed models will be selected and produced in 1/10- 1/20 or 1/50 scale, where the main motivation will be the structural concerns of the selected part. While producing, pay attention to the hierarchy of elements, how different planes/elements meet and work in coordination, sections of the elements etc. The load distribution pattern in the models to be produced should be similar to real conditions. Therefore, the material choice in the model should be in accordance with the actual material properties.
At the beginning of my project, I thought using only wood element on the ground, in the roof and walls, but wood is not long-wearing for a long time when using the wood singly, so it needs a load bearing system such as steel frame. I decided to use combination of wooden slab and steel frame.
First step of the model is producing a steel frame. While producing, I thought how I produce the steel frame. While making it, I paid attention to the load distribution, so I used the truss system. The function of the truss is mainly to carry and support the weight of the covering material of the system. The members along the top are in compression and the members along the bottom are in tension. After the decision of the load distribution, I focused on the points of junction. Welding is the basic method to join the steels. After applied that, it is not enough for the system robustness, so I applied extra method which is crewing. I used various parts of a metal plate connected steel truss. The plates and bolts are required for the structural trusses. With this way, it contributed more robustness to the system.
Second step is wooden slab on the steel frame. I used 1cm wooden pieces (20cm in reality). Then, new problem was how both of the steel frame and wood bring together. I applied to screw from edges to the steel frame. Finally, I produced detailed model in 1/20scale.
After the pre-jury, I started to study and think on my project and i decided to make some changes according to my instructors saying. Also, i continued to make new spaces and roads. My topography was in a bad condition towards the end of the term (as can be seen in the pictures :D) I changed the shape of stairs to provide same language as a whole.
Some spaces were combining in a point, but i decided to combine intersecting to spaces. With this way, load bearing elements eased bearing the loads and they became more durable.
Cloaked in Bricks/ Admun Design & Construction Studio, Iran, 2015.
Kengo KUma, SunnyHills at Miami-Aoyama, Japan, 2013.
Trail Restroom/ Miro Rivera Architects, Austin.
We analysed spatial, physical, structural, material qualities of different enclosure achieved by different walls and their spatial effects in the projects given us. We defined space like layering, seperating, dividing, enclosing, containing…etc. Then, I documented these analyses through drawing & sketches in my ADS and after that, i produced three detail models listed and showed above in 1/5 scale that show their qualities.