The Green Residence, is located in northeastern Pennsylvania, was designed by Paul Rudolph in 1969. The residence’s design concept comes from Rudolph’s interlock modular design concept. When examined the generic form of structure, it is generated by one rectangular module. He inspired from the ‘twentieth century brick’ in its complex configuration. The structure is occurred adding of modules to each other. The residence consists of three main module that have same scale, greenhouse and other small modules (same scale) added to the structure. After construction of two main modules, built a bridge that connects two units each other and then, the greenhouse, has the largest space in the house, is poisoned to heart of the residence. Then, the third main module is added to the whole composition. The basement is separated from other modules configuration. Its rectangular form is placed to slope and it contains greenhouse and car parking and it has direct access to first floor. To understand the scale of each module, used the grid diagrams. These grids gives us the spatial configuration of the structure. While a unit in west of the greenhouse contains living space and kitchen, second unit in east of greenhouse contains bedroom, wet area and working space. The third module above it, includes bedroom, wet floor and music room. Because of the concept of interlocking space, these areas flow each other horizontally and vertically.
When Green Residence building which is designed by Paul Rudolph is analyzed, it is examined that there are three axles that are dominating the building and formalizes the structure. Grids are functioned while working with south and north fronts of the structure and specializes forms according to certain needs. Two axles of those three axles are parallel to the north and the south grounds’ slopes. After analyzing Green Residence building, it is examined that the building is positioned at the angle break of the ground. Since the north facade is deprived of daylight: Rudolph used geometry to maximize daylight from the north facade: the grid which is making 60 degrees with north fronts’ slope, cuts rectangular forms to maximize daylight to interior. Green Residence is oriented to its periphery, it has connections with the built site and angles have connection with suns’ position intraday. Since the southern front will take direct light all day long, Rudolph preferred breaking the suns’ rays with narrower angle than the northern facade: the grid which is making 45 degrees to south slope is cutting rectangular forms with emerged grid. The operation of cutting rectangular forms with angles also provides daylight to interior however with the permitted amount. The third grid is perpendicular to gravity force: that grid is cutting modular geometries horizontally. Grids that are occurred through making angle to south fronts’ and north fronts’ ground angles are working separately while formalizing rectangular forms.
Rudolph is defining regionalism largely by its response to climate and the recognition and application of the most appropriate materials and technology. Controlling to the extreme temperature fluctuations of the building by reducing sun gain with high-performance glass and internal shades, as well as allowing for daylight to reduce the use of electric lights is one of aim of the Paul Rudolph in Green House. He designed a conservation with the glass and the façade. Using largest glass panels are creating problem for heat gain and energy consumption. That’s why the controlling windows and position of the house very important. Rudolph designed his structure under the control on these knowledge. He designed a Green Core in the middle of the house. He used glass panel to gain more sun light for plants. The glass panels and the geometry of that part creating least effect to the other part of the house. Daylighting requires precise geometries of envelope, overhangs, window openings, shading devices, and impacting features that affect the sun’s light/shadow projection on the building such as adjacent building geometries or landscape features. In the Green house, structure’s geometry and spatial organization in relation to its orientation is used to demonstrate how interior spaces maximize natural lighting how the eastern shading construction controls insolation impacts and the effect of the shading construction on energy loads. The roof opening’s angle is also used as unit for dividing space inside and also defining spatial differences. Where the angle of the roof intersects, it creates a wall or transition points. The green part of the structure is also another proportion of the roof opening (a, 4a). It is also creating a transition space between different living and sleeping areas.
The final assignment is to produce a lexicon.Meaning of lexicon is a kind of dictionary that contains words and its explanation. We had words that aquired from readings during the semester, and I interpreted these words according to the readings, and the lexicon occurred. I called my lexicon as a ‘Model Book’ and reflected to this idea on the cover of book. A model is a reflection of an object or an idea, so I arranged the words used in lexicon and it had a 3d appearance when looking at from exterior.
My starting point of the project is comes from the Ankara map. When examining the map, solid void map has been helped to understand zonning and bounders of the Ankara. Then, it is created the main roads and district map in addition to the another map. Besides, the Ankara is divided to four main functional zones that contains education, ministry, hospital and cultural. The Çukurambar is located in intersection point of these zones. These system and organs of Ankara contribute to occur character of Çukurambar. In micro scale, gene of Çukurambar is analysed in terms of functional distribution. The functional distribution map called genes is created. The, these genes are juxtaposed and tried to understand how these genes adding to my program. When examining all these mapping analysis, all of characters and genes have been had a mutation when getting involved to my program.
Main program is generated as a health research institution center. Its generic form is comes from the YDA Center gene. YDA Center’s generic form is rectangule and it is formed with carving operation. Based on this, my building is accepted as a rectangular prism in starting point, then its healthcare and temporary accomodation is subtracted from the prism and addded to the other part of the site. Main building that is close to the YDA Center contains research laboratories, workshops, exhibition and library parts. Subtracted parts create common points for users and also connects inner and outer visually. The grid system organize the building as a whole. It squirts out in subtracted part. In negative part of the building, the grid system inverted in buildig. These out grid system creates terraces, roof gardend and gathered places for people whivh comes to meditation and therapy center.
Beginning of the analysis, I analyzed the site in macro and micro scale to understand the general character of the Çukurambar and its position in the city scale. In large scale, Ankara consists of various zones that have different character and potential ( military, education, cultural and health) and Çukurambar is located in the intersection between these zones and these zones affect and has a relation with the Çukurambar in time. Then, analyzing in deeper, Çukurambar is composed of repeating cell system. These cells composed of the different organs and it found out the gene structure of the Çukurambar. The analysed maps show that the region commonly composed of offices ( business) , commercial areas, residential areas. In this gene map, showing the domain organ of each cell and our site is affected from these genes of Çukurambar. When generating the program of my building, the repeating existing gene of Çukurambar has a mutation. They can change according to the program.
Above maps show the pedestrian and vehicular movement around of site. This analysis provides to notice that social and residential points of site. YDa center side is more accessible for people. On the other hand, the other side is calmer and isolated in the site.
After whole process, my main functional program is determined as Healthcare and Research center. The healthcare center and its accommodation is located in residential part because of that it is more quiet region of site. after the conposed the function I substracted the center of rectangular prism and create courtyard in the middle of the functions. Then, the subtracted part is the added to other side of the site a solid piece. The other operation is based on gridal structural system. In one of parts, the grid system remain in between functions. In other, the grid system does not hide and starting to establish relation with environment. With this way, the two pieces of the site does not have a relation physically, it has a connection in terms of meaning and feeling.
There two main vertical circulation and horizontal circulation is flowing in between the functions. Also, in some levels there are bridges between oppising functions.
In this course of arch 470 ( books of architecture), I presented the seattle public library designed by OMA. It isa impressive building that combines futuristic lines with the functionality of a library.
My second precedent analysis on Korman House designed by Louis Kahn. These analysis are my interpretation about the building. Mostly, I focused on spaces and wall relation in the house. Especially, the spine system is my interpretation for this house. Louis Kahn is one of the masters of using wall. In this house, You can notice the nesting of wall and its perfect use of wall. While working on it, enjoyed a lot. I think that the house is useful to live in.